Please enter both an email address and a password.

Account login

Need to reset your password?  Enter the email address which you used to register on this site (or your membership/contact number) and we'll email you a link to reset it. You must complete the process within 2hrs of receiving the link.

We've sent you an email

An email has been sent to Simply follow the link provided in the email to reset your password. If you can't find the email please check your junk or spam folder and add to your address book.

Research Projects

Women have long been under-represented in surgery, but this situation is gradually improving as more women succeed in the profession. View the statistics on women in individual specialties and surgery as a whole. 

Over the years, much research has been done into women in surgery, particularly on their career choices and the reasons behind them. A summary of some of these are listed below.  

Current research projects

Reasons behind women’s career choices - Exeter University collaborative project 

The Psychology department at the University of Exeter in collaboration with WinS undertook research to examine reasons behind the relatively low proportion of women in surgery. 

The team at Exeter found that women’s decisions to opt out of surgery are complex. It is not that women inherently lack career ambition or are unwilling to make the sacrifices required to succeed in surgery. Rather, women will direct their ambition towards careers in which they perceive they are likely to succeed. Thus, visible, successful role models are vital to encourage more women into surgery.

Read an overview of the research findings.

Women in Surgery and Exeter University blog

This blog was part of a project led by University of Exeter psychologists in collaboration with the Royal College of Surgeons, Scalpel and the Medical Women’s Federation. The project aimed to increase the number of women working as surgeons by challenging the perception that surgeons are, or need to be, a particular type of person.

This work was funded by the Economic and Social Research Council. The blog is available here


As part of  International Women's Day the Women in Surgery team and Exeter University launched a video podcast to support all current and prospective surgeons.

Surgery: No longer a mans world


In partnership with:

University of Exeter

ESRC (Economic & Social Research Council)


International Women's Day

The work of Women in Surgery is informed by our research into the issues facing female trainees and surgeons, as well as the factors that influence their career choices and progression. 

We have undertaken a number of research projects; a small proportion of these are summarised below. 

Previous research projects

Career progression survey

This 2005 study surveyed successful FRCS candidates from between 1990 and 2000 and asked why they left or remained in surgery. The results showed that most people remain in the profession, but that more women than men leave, mostly for family reasons. It also found that flexible working patterns were beneficial in aiding women to stay in surgery.

The results of the survey were published in the Bulletin of The Royal College of Surgeons of England (Ann R Coll Surg Engl (Suppl) 2005; 87: 94-196)

Women and medicine, the future – the Royal College of Physicians

This report was published in June 2009 and provided a comprehensive study of women’s careers across all surgical specialties. The report highlights a number of factors affecting women’s career choice, such as the impact of role models and working hours/patterns and a general preference for more predictable work patterns and greater patient contact.

This report is available from the Royal College of Physicians.

Competition ratios for different specialties and the effect of gender and immigration status

This research showed that women applying for SpR posts were more likely to be appointed than their male counterparts. This is because they frequently do not apply unless they are very sure of their ability, whereas male applicants tend to be more confident. You can view a copy of her article here.

(SA McNally J Roy Soc Med 2008; 101:489-492).

Why do women reject surgical careers?

This research, published in the annals of The Royal College of Surgeons of England in 2000, inspired much of WinS’ work with school students. It showed that many women dismiss careers in surgery before they reach medical school, but that visible possible role models can have an impact on these perceptions.

(Ann R Coll Surg Eng (Suppl) 2000; 82: 290-293)

Share this page: