Deals with the urogenital system: kidney, bladder and urinary problems, as well as men’s sexual and reproductive health. This includes diseases of the kidney, urinary tract stones, cancer (prostate, bladder, testicle and kidney), prostate, incontinence, erectile dysfunction, etc.
Some time is spent managing chronic conditions. Investigating and treating patients with prostate symptoms or bladder cancer takes up a large amount of a urologist’s time. Specialist areas include: complex pelvic surgery, uro-gynaecology, andrology and paediatric urology.
To find out more about The British Association of Urological Surgeons, visit their website.
Urological surgeons undertake 3–4 operating sessions a week, including day-case surgery. They also undertake outpatient clinics and (possibly) special clinics, management/administration, teaching and research.
Urology treats a wide range of diseases and uses a variety of operating techniques, including open surgery, laparoscopy and robotic surgery. Urology on call is usually not arduous and in smaller units it is increasingly common to cross-cover with neighbouring hospitals to reduce the on-call frequency
Urological surgeons have many opportunities for working across specialties, such as with gynaecological and colorectal surgeons. ‘Office urology’, is a developing field. This involves work in clinics and day case procedures, with much use of endoscopy but no open theatre cases.
In 2016 there were approximately 70 posts at ST3 level in the UK with an average of 2.2 applications per post*.